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Outdoor Exhibitions

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Outdoor Exhibitions
Outdoor area of Suwon Museum is another large capacity exhibition space that exhibits Songdeokbi erected in praise of the government officials of Suwon during Chosun Dynasty, various stone articles including tombstones, Mooninseok, Mooinseok and Hyangroseok that Hanshin University donated, Yaksabul transferred from Hwaseo-dong, Hyojajeongmun of Wooseungji Ryu Tae Myung and his descendant Ryu Eui, Dolmuji Deotneol tomb transferred from Yimok-dong and various donated pots that are placed in front of Children’s Experience Center, thereby offering wide variety of things to see to the visitors.

Key historical relics

  • Songdeokbi
  • Tombstones
  • Other relics

Songdeokbi

Songdeokbi   Songdeokbi

Songdeokbi is a monument erected in praise of government officials who exercised good governance, and is also referred to as ‘Bulmangbi’ and ‘Seonjungbi’. These monuments that were originally located throughout Suwon were collected at the Nosong district and transferred to the present location. These clearly illustrate the outstanding performances of Suwon Busa, Suwon Yoosu, Gwanchalsa, Pangwan and Joonggun who governed over the region of Suwon. The name of Suwon was changed to Suwon Dohobu in 1413 (in the 13th year of King Taejong). Busa refers to the government official position with rank of Jong-3-poom who governs Dohobu. Yoosu is a regional governance system installed at strategic administrative and military posts during Chosun Dynasty. In 1793 (in the 17th year of King Jungjo), King Jungjo established Jang Yong Young in order to fortify royal authority and established Hwasung Yoosu while installing Woiyoung. Gwanchalsa refers to the highest government official in regional administration dispatched to each provinces during the Chosun Dynasty and is also referred to as Gamsa. Pangwan is a government official with rank of Jong-5-poom in charge of administrative works by assisting Jibanggwan, and Joonggun is a military official with rank of Jong-2-poom and a professional military commander at each of military divisions during Chosun Dynasty.

Busa Lee Shi Baek [1581~1660]

Civil government official during the mid stage of Chosun Dynasty with Yeonan as Bongwan and Choam as his Ho. He was appointed as Yeonyangbuwongun due to his meritorious deeds during restoration of order by suppressing of insurrection during the reign of King Injo, and was appointed as Busa of Suwon Dohobu from 1624 (in the 2nd year of King Injo) to 1629. He later became Byeongjopanseo (Minister of Defense) and Youngeuijung (Prime Minister). This monument was erected in 1629 (in the 7th year of King Injo).

Busa Gu In Hoo [1578~1658]

Military officer during the reign of King Hyojong in the mid stage of Chosun Dynasty with Neungsung as Bongwan and Yoopo as his Ho. He passed the examination for selection of military officers in 1603 (in the 36th year of King Sunjo), and was appointed the Busa of Suwon Dohobu from 1635 (in the 13th year of King Injo) to 1637. He defeated attach of Hoogeum of China during the Jungmyohoran and guarded the king during Byeongjahoran at the Namhan san Fortress. This monument was erected in 1638 (in the 16th year of King Injo).

Busa Lim Eui Baek [1605~1667]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Poongcheon as Bongwan and Geumshidang as his Ho. He passed the examination for selection of military officers in Byeolsimungwa in 1649 (in the 27th year of King Injo), and was appointed the Busa of Suwon Dohobu from April to November 1660 (in the 1st year of King Hyunjong). He was later appointed Gwanchalsa for Pyeongan Provinces and Gongjopansa. This monument was erected in 16629 (in the 3rd year of King Hyunjong).

Busa Lee Sang Jin [1614~1690]

Civil government official during the reign of King Sookjong in the mid stage of Chosun Dynasty with Jeoneui as Bongwan and Manam as his Ho. He passed the examination for selection of military officers in Byeolsimungwa in 1645 (in the 23rd year of King Injo), and was appointed the Busa of Suwon Dohobu from January to October 1671 (in the 12th year of King Hyunjong). He later was appointed to posts including Yijochampan, Daesagan and Daesaheon. This monument was erected in 1705 (in the 31st year of King Sookjong).

Busa Min Jin Won [1664~1736]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Yeoheung as Bongwan and Danam as his Ho, and is the older brother of Queen Inhyun. He passed the Jeunggwangmungwa in 1691 (in the 17th year of Sookjong) and was was appointed the Busa of Suwon Dohobu from 1701 (in the 27th year of King Sookjong) to 1703. He later was appointed to posts including Joaeuijung and Busa of Youngjoongchu, and left literary works such as Danamjueui Yeonhaengrok. This monument was erected in 1704.

Busa Kwon Sang Yoo [1656~1724]

Civil government official during the reign of King Hyunjong in the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Andong as Bongwan and Gugye as his Ho. He passed the examination for selection of military officers in 1694 (in the 20th year of Sookjong) in Alsungmungwa, and was appointed the Busa of Suwon Dohobu from 1703 (in the 29th year of King Sookjong) to 1704. He was later appointed to posts including Yijopanseo and Daesaheon. This monument was erected in 1705 (in the 31st year of King Sookjong).

Yoosu Kim Shi Geun [1755~ ?]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Andong as Bongwan and Heungji as his Ho. He passed the examination for selection of military officers in 1802 (in the 2nd year of King Soonjo), and was appointed the Yoosu Suwon from 1820 (in the 20th year of King Soonjo) to 1822. During his appointment as the Yoosu, he carried out the role of Jungjo Cheonreungdogam. Songdeokbi was erected in 1822.

Yoosu Nam Byeong Gil [1820~1869]

He is the representative astronomer in the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Euiryung as Bongwan and Hyecheon as his Ho. He passed the examination for selection of military officers in Jeunggwangmungwa in 1850 (in the 1st year of King Chuljong) and was appointed the Yoosu Suwon from 1863 (in the 14th year of King Chuljong) to 1865 (in the 2nd year of King Gojong). He published numerous astronomy related literatures such as Shiheongiyo and Choobocheoprye. This monument was erected in 1865

Pangwan Jung Gi Myeong [1819~?]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Dongrae as Bongwan and Seokjeon as his Ho. He was appointed the Pangwan of Hwasung in 1864 (in the 1st year of King Gojong) until 1865, and was reappointed as Pangwan of Hwasung in 1867. During this period, he performed the tasks of Samjung excellently and as such was granted continuance of his posting even after expiration of his tenure in January 1980, and was replaced in July the following year through the Ineui, a civil officer who shouted an order in the ceremony, of Tongryewon. This monument was erected in 1873.

Yoosu Lee Jae Won [1831~1891]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Jeonju as Bongwan and Hyojung as his Ho, and was the nephew of Hongsungdaewongun. He passed the examination in Jungshimungwa in 1853 (in the 4th year of King Chuljong) and was appointed to the position of Panseo of 6 Ministries during the reign of Hongsungdaewongun. He was also appointed Yoosu of Suwon from 1869 (in the 6th year of King Gojong) to 1871. This monument was erected in 1871.

Yoosu Min Seung Ho [1830~1874]

A relative of the King and a civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Yeoheung as Bongwan and Bokgyeong as his Ho, and was the older brother of Queen Myungsung. He passed the examination for selection of military officers in Jeunggwangmungwa in 1864 (in the 1st year of King Gojong), and was appointed the Yoosu of Suwon from 1872 (in the 9th year of King Gojong) to 1873. He was later appointed to positions including Hojochampan, and Panseo of Hyungjo and Byungjo. This monument was erected in 1874 (in the 11th year of King Gojong).

Yoosu Song Geun Su [1818 ~ 1903]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Eunjin as Bongwan and Munheon as his Ho. He passed the Jeunggwangmungwa in 1848 (in the 14th year of King Hyunjong) and was appointed the Yoosu of Suwon from 1874 (in the 11th year of King Gojong) to 1876 after having been appointed to positions including Daesaheon and Joaeuijung. He left behind a literature titled Songjadaejeonsucha. This monument was erected in 1882 (in the 19th year of King Gojong).

Pangwan Min Doo Ho [1846~?]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Yeoheung as Bongwan and Hyoheon as his Ho. He was appointed the Pangwan of Suwon Dohobu from 1875 (in the 2nd year of King Gojong) to 1876. He was later appointed to positions including Dokpannaemubusa and Soongrokdaebu. This monument was erected in 1879 (in the 16th year of King Gojong).

Yoosu Jung Gi Se [1814~1884]

Civil government official during the reign of King Gojong in the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Dongrae as Bongwan and Jugye as his Ho. He passed the Jungshi military officer’s examination in 1837 (in the 3rd year of King Heonjong) and appointed to Yoosu of Suwon from 1879 to 1882. He also had appointments including Yoosu of Ganghwa, Gwanchalsa of Jeollado, Byeongbupanseo and Woochansung. This tombstone was erected in 1888 (in the 25th year of King Gojong).

Joonggun Gu Wan Sik [1825~1891]

Civil government official during the reign of King Gojong in the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Neungsung as Bongwan and Misan as his Ho. He passed the examination for selection of military officer in Alsung, and was appointed to the position of Joongjun in the Suwon from 1882 to 1884. He was later appointed to positions including Byeongjochampan, Eoyoungdaejang and Geumwiedaejang. This monument was erected in 1885 (in the 22nd year of King Gojong) for his meritorious deeds in having put efforts towards provision of reliefs for the livelihood of general public and fighting against the western power.

Yoosu Lee Heon Sik [~]

Civil government official during the end of Chosun Dynasty and received penname of Choonggan as a poet in 1907. He was appointed the Yoosu of Suwon from 1885 to 1887, and was later to positions including Byeongjojungryang, Dochonggwan, Jeollagamsa and Bongsangsajang. This monument was erected in 1891.

Yoosu Yoon Ja Deok [1827~1890]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Papyeong as Bongwan and Gukheon as his Ho. He passed the Jeunggwangmungwa in 1848 (in the 14th year of King Heonjong) and appointed Yoosu of Suwon in 1887 (in the 24th year of King gojong) to 1889. He later was appointed to Yijopanseo, Dongrijimuamundangsang and Joongchubusa. This monument was erected in 1890 (in the 27th year of King Gojong).

Yoosu Kim Hong Jip [1842~1896]

He was the leader of civilization movements during the end of Chosun Dynasty with Gyeongju as Bongwan and Dowon as his Ho. He passed examination for selection of civil officials in 1868 (in the 5th year of King Gojong) and was dispatched to Japan as Sushinsa with official position of Yejochameui in 1880. He was appointed the Yoosu of Suwon from 1889 (in the 26th year of King Gojong) to 1890. This monument was erected in 1892 (in the 29th year of King Gojong).

Yoosu Yoon Young Shin [1831~]

Civil government official during the end of Chosun Dynasty with Papyeong as Bongwan and Gongshil as his Ho. He passed Jeunggwangmungwa in 1864 (in the 1st year of King Gojong) and was dispatched to the Hague International Peace Summit in 1869, and was later appointed to positions including Yijochampan and Sungkyunkwan Daesasung. He was appointed to Yoosu of Suwon from 1890 (in the 27th year of King Gojong) to 1891. This monument was erected in 1893.

Yoosu Min Young Sang [1829~1901]

Civil government official during the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty with Yeoheung as Bongwan and Yigyeong as his Ho. He passed examination for selection of civil officials in 1872 and was appointed Yoosu of Suwon from 1891 (in the 28th year of Gojong) to 1893. This monument was erected in 1893.

Gwanchalsa Lee Jae Geuk [1864~1927]

Civil government official during the end of Chosun Dynasty and is a member of the royal family with same generation with King Gojong. He passed examination for selection of civil officials in 1893 (in the 30th year of King Gojong) and was appointed to Gwanchalsa for Gyeonggi-do from January to October 1900. He was later appointed to positions including Beopbudaeshin, Hakbudaeshin and Naebudaeshin. This monument was erected in 1901.

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