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Saun Lee Jonghak Archives

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Saun Lee Jonghak Archives
Sawoon Exhibition Center displays the relics donated by Sawoon Lee Jong Hak (1927~2002). Lee Jong Hak is a native of Suwon and was a collector of historical material.
During his younger years in life, while he owned, managed and operated old and rare book store, he was immensely interested in the history and cultures of Korea, and collected and researched relevant literatures. In particular, he had particularly strong passion toward the painful history of Korea during the occupation of the country by Japan, and collected related materials. He not only used the materials he collected for his personal research, but also donated them to Independence Hall, Hyeonchungsa, Dokdo Museum and North Korea. The surviving members of the family of Lee Jong Hak donated more than 20,000 articles of relics to Suwon City in 2004 after he passed away to honor the wishes of Lee Jong Hak before he passed away, and these were categorized, consolidated, analyzed and exhibited.
Saun Lee Jonghak Archives

Literatures related to Suwon

This venue exhibits materials related to Suwon region including collection of regulations of municipalities of Suwon and Taejang Hyangtosa. This venue also illustrates that Test Center for Encouraged Industry and Agricultural School were established in Suwon, which had been the center of agricultural industry since the latter stage of Chosun Dynasty, and their functions have been fortified by exhibiting Manual on Performance of Test Center for Encouraged Industry and Manual on operation of Suwon agricultural high school of Japanese Governor-General’s in Chosun. In addition, visitors can find out that Suwon had been subjected to continuous interest and monitoring of Japanese forces at the time through the survey of status of livelihood of municipality of Suwon.

Wide range of donated historical materials

Although majority of historical materials that Lee Jong Hak donated are related to the history of invasion by Japan, some of the notable relics donated among these are on exhibit. These include ancient literatures, collection of poems, collection of letters and ancient maps from Chosun Dynasty, and in particular, the collection of poems and collection of letters are hand written documents of renowned scholars and literary men at the time, and are highly important materials for history of Korea literature and calligraphy. In addition, donated relics with widely ranging characteristics such as documents with modern forms such as census registration, orders for accommodating government officials and letters, and Korean novels, scenic photographs and foreign literatures written in English are on display. In particular, among more than 7,000 photographic postcards, those related to Suwon Hwasung are exhibited separately.

Our beloved Geumgang Mt.

These are historical materials in diverse range of formats and contents related to Geumgang Mt., and include photo album containing travel to and sceneries of Geumgang Mt., and 10-piece folding screen that contains the scenery of 4 seasons at Geumgang Mt. In addition, exhibits include maps and diverse formats of guidance manuals for exploration of Geumgang Mt. along with confidential document, proposal for plans for exploration of Geumgang Mt., which is important historical material that illustrates deceptive colonial ruling of Japan.

History of invasion of the continent by Japan

In the latter half of the 19th Century, Japan began to invade surrounding countries under the pretence of ‘advancement into the continent’. Historical materials on invasion and ruling by Japan including illustrate magazine in commemoration of war, which shows the progress of invasion of the continent, various survey reports and territorial maps of Gando and Dokdo. What is particularly notable is the report on the surveying of customs of Korea, which is the results of project on surveying of customs by the Joongchuwon of the Japanese Governor-General’s office for Chosun, and this document clearly reveals the actual state of Chosun as colonial state in all of its jspects. Such survey was a tool for fortifying colonial ruling of colonized country effectively by Japan.

Our territory seen through the map

Maps related to northern territories including maps of Gwanbuk, Gyeongwonbu and Pyeongyang are exhibited. Maps are the media that most intensively illustrate the historical situations and geological attitude of the time, and, at the same time, reflect the philosophy behind the domination on and realistic position of the colonized state at the time.

Colonial ruling and resistance by the citizens of Suwon (audio visual room)

Ceaseless resistance of Koreans against the colonized rule over Korea Japan continued on and eventually achieved independence from the rules of Japan. Suwon regions ceaselessly carried out resistant movements at various social classes including various demonstrations for the well-being of Korea such as that at Suwon market, by geisha in front of the Jahye Hospital and at Paldal Mt., and student’s movements such as coalition of Suwon agricultural high school for leave of absence and formation of underground organizations. Such ceaseless resistant movements in the region of Suwon were produced in video format and screened at the Museum.

Tribute to Sawoon Lee Jong Hak

Statue of torso of Sawoon Lee Jong Hak and his study on the 2nd floor of his residence at Hwaseo-dong has been reproduced to exhibit articles left behind by him such as desk, chair and eye glasses as well as literatures published by Sawoon Research Center that he established and operated. In addition, panels containing the yearbook and life of him are displayed at the entrance and exit.

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